Xem thêm: Lộ trình học IELTS từ 0 đến 6.5 cho người mới bắt đầu
Câu tường thuật mệnh lệnh
Yêu cầu ai đó làm gì => Bạn vẫn sử dụng dạng động từ nguyên mẫu (to do/ to be) trong câu tường thuật, đặc biệt khi nói hoặc yêu cầu
- Câu trực tiếp: “Drink plenty of water!” the doctor said to me.
- Câu tường thuật: The doctor told me to drink plenty of water.
- Câu trực tiếp: “Don’t be late!” I said to Joe.
- Câu tường thuật: I told Joe not to be late.
- Câu trực tiếp: “Can you help me, please!” Jackie said to me.
- Câu tường thuật: Jackie asked me to help her.
You can also say “Somebody said (not) to do something”:
Paul said not to worry about him. (but not Paul said me)
Khi tường thuật những gì người khác nói, chúng ta thường chia động từ lùi lại 1 thì. Xem các ví dụ sau:
|Câu trực tiếp||Câu tường thuật|
|Present Simple – I’m busy.||Past Simple – He said he was busy.|
|Present Continuous – We’re waiting.||Past Continuous – They said they were waiting.|
|Past Simple – She left earlier.||Past Perfect Simple – He said she had left earlier.|
|Past Perfect Simple – We had arrived before our friends.||Past Perfect Simple – He said they had arrived before our friends.|
|Past Continuous – I was staying with our friends||Past Perfect Continuous – She said she had been staying with friends.|
|Present Perfect Simple – I’ve been here twice.||Present Perfect Simple – She said she had been here twice.|
|Present Perfect Continuous – I’ve been playing tennis
I’m going to see her tomorrow.
|Past Perfect Continuous – He said he’d been playing tennis.
She said she was going to see her tomorrow.
|Will – They will win the World Cup this year.||Would – He said they would win the World Cup this year.|
|Can – We can go to college together.||Could – She said they could go to college together.|
|May – It may rain tomorrow.||Might – He said it might rain tomorrow.|
|Must – You must do your homework.||Had to – She said we had to do our homework.|
Note: Bạn có thể rút gọn từ “that” khi nói. Ví dụ:
Paul said that he was feeling ill.
Hoặc: Paul said he was feeling ill.
Trên đây là tất tần tật những kiến thức bạn cần nắm rõ về câu tường thuật để sử dụng chúng một cách mạch lạc. Bạn có thể tìm hiểu thêm về trung tâm tiếng Anh TDP IELTS qua link sau: https://www.facebook.com/tdpieltscaptoc